Thursday, August 16, 2012

Skincare Basics: how the Skin works

Good morning everyone!

I’m back with the FIRST SKINCARE BASICS post!

Today is the right time to share with all of my readers what I have learned at a Beauty Skincare workshop last weekend and my first personal Beauty workshop hosted this past Monday.

On this post, I would like to focus on sharing the most essential part of the Beauty workshop: 

how the Skin works

Not only Beauty or Skin experts should understand how our skin works but also I believe that everyone should.

Our skin has three layers.

Hypodermis is the deepest layer, closest to our bones. It contains a large layer of fat, blood vessels and nerves than those found in the dermis layer.

Dermis is the thickest middle layer that contains collagen and elastin. Collagen and elastin are proteins that give skin structure, strength and flexibility. As we get older or exposed to too much Sun, the production of elastin and collagen will reduce. Signs of aging can be loss of firmness or more obvious wrinkles.
In this layer, there are also hair follicles, nerves, blood vessels and sebaceous glands. Sebaceous glands produce sebum. Sebum is an oily substance that travels around the hair shaft to reach the top layer of the skin. This oily substance would cover the epidermis layer and gives a protective barrier against moisture loss. When there is an excess sebum production covering the top layer, it leads to oily skin and acne.
Unfortunately, this protective barrier can be easily removed by various factors: cleansers that can be too abrasive and fragranced, environmental pollution and poor diet. So it must be taken care through external skincare products.

Epidermis is the top layer or surface layer. This layer is very thin compared to the other two layers. But it is the strongest among them.
It gives immediate, visual signs to the condition and health of the skin. Epidermis can also be divided into 2 layers.  But I’m not going to go into too much detail.  You may want to know where the living cells are created. They are born at the lowest layer of the Epidermis that is nearest to the Dermis layer. But by the time the cells reach to the surface layer, they are already considered dead. The cells become smaller and flatter as they lack of oxygen and moisture loss. They are left on the surface layer called Stratum Comeum and younger cells pushed up from below replace dead cells.

In the diagram below:

There are blood vessels in the hypodermis and dermis layer. 

Blood vessels have a vital role for our skin. They provide nutrition and oxygen to our skin cells.
During our young age, the cells in Dermis and Epidermis layers are very close to each other. This help providing the nutrition and oxygen. But as we get older, the cells are more scattered and inactive. They are unable to provide what it is needed to extend elasticity and collagen. Thus, this leads to aging like fine lines and wrinkles.

Did you know that the thickness of our 3 skin layers is equal to 10 A4 pages? 
Did you know that the thinnest skin layer of our face is the eye socket?

Before we get through the 5 common skin types listing, try the Self-Analysis first. Then you can have a look of the list to see which one is YOUR skin type :)


1.     How does our skin feel after you wash it using a cleanser?
a.     Tightness can indicate dry skin
2.     How does your face look during the day?
a.     Sign of shine all over the face indicate oily skin
b.     Sign of shine in some areas indicate combination skin
3.     Lifestyle factors:
a.     Do you smoke?
b.     How much sun exposure are you exposed to in a day?
c.      How much pollution exposure are you exposed to in a day?

Now, let me briefly give you the 5 skin types:


·      Comfortable-feeling
·      Smooth
·      Small pores
·      May experience some shine


·      Foreheads, eye area and cheeks
·      Tight-feeling after washing
·      Small pores
·      Shows fine lines faster than other skin type


·      Shows shine on the T-Zone (forehead, nose, chin)
·      Large, visible pores
·      Frequent breakouts
·      Shows few signs of aging


·      Oily on the T-zone
·      Dry on cheeks
·      Larger pores on forehead, nose and chin


·      From dry to oily
·      Easily allergic to cosmetics, moisturizers and cleansers
·      May experience some redness
·      Itchy

If you are not sure about which skin type you are, I would like to invite you to my SECOND beauty workshop held on Sunday, August 26th, 2012 at The Park Chidlom condominium from 1-4pm. 


This past Monday, my first Beauty workshop, was a BLAST! My team and I had so much fun in sharing everything we know about skin and taught them how to look professional when going for work.

All guests who came to our workshop had a lot of fun during the skincare and cosmetics trial session and, they enjoyed listening to our Beauty experts. Even I learned new things! Unfortunately photos cannot be posted online due to no advertising purpose from the brand. Sorry :(

I hope this post has helped you in understanding your skin more and see you on my next post! 

If you have any questions, feel free to leave it in the comments below or on my Facebook Fanpage:

Follow me!
Twitter: @rosiedolly314
Instagram: rosiedolly


No comments:

Post a Comment